-- Because of concerns about copyright infringement, I have not posted
pdf files of publications on my web site. However, I can send
electronic (or hard) copies of any publication by request for
professional or educational use. If you would like copies of any
publication, please email me (email@example.com)
and I will be happy to send you the publication(s).
NM, Apple ME, Nowak RS (2010) The effects of elevated
CO2 on root respiration rates of two Mojave
Desert shrubs. Global Change Biology 16:1566-1575.
Devoe N, Nowak B,
Florence S (2009) Effective management of invasive plants. Rangelands
Clark NM, Rillig MC,
Nowak RS (2009) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal abundance in the Mojave
Desert: Seasonal dynamics and impacts of elevated CO2. Journal of
Arid Environments 73:834-843.
Allcock KG, Chambers JC, Blank RR, Nowak RS (2008)
nitrogen availability and cheatgrass competition on the
establishment of Vavilov Siberian wheatgrass. Rangeland
Ecology & Management 61:475-484.
Chambers JC, Nowak RS (2008)
Effects of a
spring prescribed burn on the soil seed bank in sagebrush
steppe exhibiting pinyon-juniper expansion. Western
North American Naturalist 68:265-277.
EA, Nowak RS. (2008)
pinyon-juniper tree cover on the soil seed bank. Rangeland
Ecology & Management 61:63-73.
Nadeau JA, Quall RG,
Nowak RS, Blank RR. (2007).
bioavailability of organic C, N, and P through enzyme hydrolysis in soils of
the Mojave Desert. Biogeochemistry 52:305-320.
DeFalco LA, Fernandez
GCJ, Nowak RS (2007)
Variation in the establishment of a non-native annual grass influences
competitive interactions with Mojave Desert perennials. Biological
Allcock K, Nowak
R, Blank B, Jones T, Monaco, T, Chambers J, Tausch R, Doescher P, Saytal V,
Tanaka J, Ogle D, St. John L, Pellant M, Pyke D, Schupp E, Call C (2006) Note: Integrating Weed Management and Restoration on Western Rangelands.
Ecological Restoration 24:199-200.
DC, Naumburg E, Huxman TE, Charlet TN, Nowak RS,
Smith SD (2006)
Increases in desert shrub productivity under elevated CO2
vary with seasonal water availability. Ecosystems
Hartle RT, Fernandez
GCJ, Nowak RS (2006)
vertical zones of influence for root systems of four Mojave Desert
shrubs. Journal of Arid Environments 64:586-603.
Phillips DL, Johnson MG,
Tingey DT, Catricala CE, Hoyman TL, Nowak RS (2006)
Elevated CO2 on Fine Root Dynamics in a Mojave Desert
Community: A FACE Study. Global Change Biology 12:61-73.
Apple ME, Thee CI,
Smith-Longozo VL, Cogar CR, Wells CE, Nowak RS (2005)
colonization of Larrea tridentata and Ambrosia dumosa roots
varies with precipitation and season in the Mojave Desert. Symbiosis
J.A., D.E. Pataki, C. Körner, H. Clark, S.J. Del Grosso, J.M.
Grünzweig, A.K. Knapp, A.R. Mosier, P.C.D. Newton, P.A.
Niklaus, J. Nippert, R.S. Nowak, W.J. Parton, H.W.
Polley, and M.R. Shaw. 2004. Water relations in grassland and
desert ecosystems exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2.
R.S., D.S. Ellsworth, and S.D. Smith. 2004. Tansley Review: Functional
responses of plants to elevated atmospheric CO2 – Do
photosynthetic and productivity data from FACE experiments support early
predictions? New Phytologist 162:253-280.
S.F. Zitzer, D. Babcock, V. Smith-Longozo, T.N. Charlet, J.S. Coleman,
J.R. Seemann, and S.D. Smith. 2004. Elevated CO2 does not
conserve soil water in the Mojave Desert. Ecology 85:93-99.
Wilcox, C.S., J.W.
Ferguson, G.C. J. Fernandez, and R.S. Nowak. 2004.
growth dynamics of four Mojave Desert shrubs as related to soil moisture
and microsite. Journal of Arid Environments 56:129-148.
DeFalco, L.A., D.M.
Bryla, V. Smith-Longozo, and R.S. Nowak. 2003.
Are Mojave Desert
annual species equal? Resource acquisition and allocation for the
invasive grass Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens (Poaceae) and two native
species. American Journal of Botany 90:1045-1053.
R.S., J.D. Hansen, and C.L. Nowak. 2003. Effects of grass bug feeding and
drought stress on selected lines of crested wheatgrass. Western North
American Naturalist 63:167-177.
T.N. Charlet, T.E. Huxman, J.S. Coleman, R.S. Nowak, and S.D. Smith.
2002. Global climate change research in the Nevada desert. IN:
D.A. Charlet (ed.). Nevada Environmental Issues. Kendall-Hunt Publishing
Co., Dubuque, Iowa.
Titus, J.H., R.S.
Nowak, and S.D. Smith. 2002.
Soil resource heterogeneity in the
Mojave Desert. Journal of Arid Environments 52:269-292.
Titus, J.H., P.J.
Titus, R.S. Nowak, and S.D. Smith. 2002.
of Mojave Desert plants. Western North American Naturalist 62:327-334.
D.N. Jordan, L.A. DeFalco, C.S. Wilcox, J.S. Coleman, J.R. Seemann, S.D.
Smith. 2001. Leaf conductance decreased under free-air CO2
enrichment (FACE) for three perennials in the Nevada desert. New Phytologist 150:449-458.
Smith, S.D., T.E.
Huxman, S.F. Zitzer, T.N. Charlet, D.C. Housman, J.S. Coleman, L.K.
Fenstermaker, J.R. Seemann, and R.S. Nowak. 2000.
increases productivity and invasive species success in an arid
ecosystem. Nature 408:79-82.
Yoder, C.K., and R.S.
Phosphorus acquisition by Bromus madritensis
ssp. rubens from soil interspaces shared with Mojave Desert
shrubs. Functional Ecology 14:685-692.
R.S., C.L. Nowak, and R.J. Tausch. 2000. The probability that a fossil
absent from a sample implies absent from the paleolandscape. Quaternary
Pataki, D.E., T.E.
Huxman, D.N. Jordan, S.F. Zitzer, J.S. Coleman, S.D. Smith, R.S. Nowak,
and J.R. Seemann. 2000. Water use of Mojave Desert shrubs under
elevated CO2. Global Change Biology 6:889-897.
Phillips, D.L., M.G.
Johnson, D.T. Tingey, C. Biggart, R.S. Nowak,
and J. Newsom. 2000.
Minirhizotron installation in rocky, sandy soils
minimizing soil disturbance. Soil Science Society of America Journal
Hamerlynck, E.P., T.E.
Huxman, R.S. Nowak, S. Redar, M.E. Loik, D.N. Jordan, S.F. Zitzer,
J.S. Coleman, J.R. Seemann, and S.D. Smith. 2000. Photosynthetic
responses of Larrea tridentata to a step-increase in atmospheric
CO2 at the Nevada Desert FACE Facility. Journal of Arid
Terry, R.G., R.S.
Nowak, and R.J. Tausch. 2000. Genetic variation in chloroplast and nuclear
ribosomal DNA in Utah juniper (Juniperus osteosperma, Cupressaceae):
Evidence for interspecific gene flow. American Journal of Botany
Leavitt, K.J., G.C.J.
Fernandez, and R.S. Nowak. 2000. Plant establishment on steep,
angle of repose slopes in mine waste dumps. Journal of Range Management
Yoder, C.K., P. Vivin,
L. DeFalco, J.R. Seemann, and R.S. Nowak. 2000.
Root growth and function in
three Mojave Desert grasses in response to atmospheric CO2
enrichment and soil water stress. New Phytologist 145:245-256.
Yoder, C.K., and R.S.
Nowak. 1999. Soil moisture extraction by evergreen and
drought-deciduous shrubs in the Mojave Desert during wet and dry years.
Journal of Arid Environments 42:81-96.
Tausch, R.J., and R.S.
Nowak. 1999. Fifty years of ecotone change between shrub and tree
dominance in the Jack Springs Pinyon Natural Research Area. Pages 71-77
IN: E.D. McArthur, W.K. Ostler, C.L. Wamboldt, comps. Proceedings:
Shrubland Ecotones. Proc. RMRS-P-11. U.S. Department of Agriculture,
Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
Yoder, C.K., and R.S.
Nowak. 1999. Hydraulic lift among native plant species in the
Mojave Desert. Plant Soil 215:93-102 (plus cover photograph).
Jordan, D.E., S.F.
Zitzer, G.R. Hendrey, K.F. Lewin, J. Nagy, R.S. Nowak, S.D. Smith,
J.S. Coleman and J.R. Seemann. 1999. Biotic, abiotic and performance
aspects of the Nevada Desert free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)
facility. Global Change Biology 5:659-668.
Moore, D.J., R.S.
Nowak, and R.J. Tausch. 1999. Gas exchange of Juniperus
osteosperma and Juniperus occidentalis across local and
regional environmental gradients in the Great Basin of western North
America. Tree Physiology 19:421-433.
D.J. Moore, and R.J. Tausch. 1999. Ecophysiological patterns of pinyon
and juniper. Pages 35-46 IN: S.B. Monsen, R. Stevens, R.J.
Tausch, R. Miller, and S. Goodrich (eds.). Proceedings: Ecology and
Management of Pinyon-Juniper Communities within the Interior West.
RMRS-P-9. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain
Huxman, T.E., E.P.
Hamerlynck, Bd Moore, S.D. Smith, D.N. Jordan, S.F. Zitzer, R.S. Nowak,
J.S. Coleman, and J.R. Seemann. 1998. Photosynthetic down-regulation in
Larrea tridentata exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2:
Interactions with drought under glasshouse and field (FACE) exposure.
Plant Cell and Environment 21:1153‑1161.
Moore, D.J., R.S.
Nowak, and C.L. Nowak. 1998. Photosynthetic acclimation to
temperature and drought in the endemic Chelan rockmat, Petrophytum
cinerascens (Rosaceae). American Midland Naturalist 139:374-382.
Sala, A., and R.S.
Ecophysiological responses of three riparian
graminoids to changes in soil water table. International Journal of Plant
Kristin F. Kuyper, Ulla Yandell, and R.S. Nowak.
1997. On the taxonomic status of
Eriogonum robustum (Polygonaceae), a rare endemic in western
Great Basin Naturalist 57:1-10.
Halford, A.H., and
R.S. Nowak. 1996.
Distribution and ecological characteristics of
Lewisia longipetala (Piper) Clay, a high altitude endemic plant.
Great Basin Naturalist 56:225-236.
Callaway, R.M., E.H.
DeLucia, D.J. Moore, R.S. Nowak, and W.H. Schlesinger. 1996. Competition and facilitation: contrasting effects of Artemisia
tridentata on Pinus ponderosa versus P. monophylla.
Tausch, R.J., C.L.
Nowak, and R.S. Nowak. 1995. Climate change and plant species
response over the Quaternary: Implications for ecosystem management. pp
14-19 IN: R.W. Tinus (ed). Interior West Global Change Workshop. U.S.
Forest Service Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station Gen.
Tech Report RM-GTR-262.
Anderson, J.E., R.S.
Nowak, N.L. Toft, and K. Rasmuson. 1995. Gas exchange and
resource-use efficiency of Leymus cinereus (Poaceae): Diurnal and
seasonal responses to naturally declining soil moisture. American Journal of
Zhao, Y.G., G.C.J.
Fernandez, D.C. Bowman, and R.S. Nowak. 1994. Selection criteria
for drought-resistance breeding in turfgrass. Journal American Society
Horticultural Science 119:1317-1324.
Tausch, R.J., J.C.
Chambers, R.R. Blank, and R.S. Nowak. 1994. Differential
establishment of perennial grass and cheatgrass following fire on an
ungrazed sagebrush-juniper site. pp 252-257 IN: B.A. Roundy, E.D.
McArthur, J.S. Haley, and D.K. Mann (compilers). Proceedings, Wildland
Shrub and Arid Land Restoration Symposium, October 1993. U.S. Forest
Service Intermountain Research Station Gen. Tech. Report INT-GTR-315.
Nowak, C.L., R.S.
Nowak, R.J. Tausch, and P.E. Wigand. 1994. A 30,000 year record of
vegetation dynamics at a semi-arid locale in the Great Basin. Journal of
Vegetation Science 5:579-590.
Kolseth, T.L., J.C.
Guitjens, R.S. Nowak, and G.F. Gifford. 1994. Evaporation and
yield of three riparian graminoids. IN: R.A. Marston and V.R. Hasfurther
(eds). Proceedings, Annual Symposium of the American Water Resources
Association: Effects of Human-Induced Changes on Hydrologic Systems, June
1994. pp 485-491.
Nowak, C.L., R.S.
Nowak, R.J. Tausch, and P.E. Wigand. 1994. Tree and shrub dynamics
in northwestern Great Basin woodland and shrub steppe during the
Late-Pleistocene and Holocene. American Journal of Botany 81:265-277.
Tausch, R.J., R.S.
Nowak, A.D. Bruner, and J. Smithson. 1994. Effects of simulated
fall and early spring grazing on cheatgrass and perennial grass in
western Nevada. pp 113-119 IN: S.B. Monsen and S.G. Kitchen (eds).
Proceedings - Ecology and Management of Annual Rangelands. USDA Forest
Service General Technical Report INT-GTR-313.
Murray, K.J., J.D.
Tenhunen, and R.S. Nowak. 1993. Photoinhibition as a control on
photosynthesis and production of Sphagnum mosses. Oecologia
C.L. Nowak, and J.E. Anderson. 1993. Differential response to nitrogen
form and concentration for Oryzopsis hymenoides and Elymus
lanceolatus. Great Basin Naturalist 53:222-236.
1993. Assessing physiological requirements of plant species as a
prerequisite for their use in mine reclamation. Proceedings Vol. I, 10th
National Meeting, American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation,
Princeton, WV. pp 23-29.
Anderson, J.E., R.S.
Nowak, T.D. Ratzlaff, and O.D. Markham. 1993. Managing soil
moisture on waste burial sites in arid regions. Journal of Environmental
Cramer, G.R., and R.S.
Supplemental manganese improves the relative
growth, net assimilation and photosynthetic rates of salt-stressed
barley. Physiologia Plantarum 84:600-605.
Melgoza, G., and R.S.
Competition between cheatgrass and 2 native species
after fire: Implications from observations and measurements of root
distribution. J. Range Manage. 44:27-33.
Melgoza, G., R.S.
Nowak, and R.J. Tausch. 1990. Soil water exploitation after fire:
Competition between Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass) and two native
species. Oecologia 83:7-13.
C.L. Nowak, T. DeRocher, M.A. Jones, and N. Cole. 1990. Prevalence of
Oryzopsis hymenoides near harvester ant mounds: Indirect
facilitation by ants. Oikos 58:190-198.
Smith, S.D., and R.S.
Nowak. 1990. Ecophysiology of Plants in the Intermountain
Lowlands. IN: Osmond, C.B., L.F. Pitelka, and G.M. Hidy (eds.).
Ecological Studies, Vol. 80. Plant Biology of the Basin and Range.
Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. pp 179-241.
Toft, N.L., J.E.
Anderson, and R.S. Nowak. 1989. Water use efficiency and carbon
isotope composition of plants in a cold desert environment. Oecologia
J.E. Anderson, and N.L. Toft. 1988. Gas exchange of Agropyron
desertorum: Diurnal patterns and responses to water vapor gradient
and temperature. Oecologia 77:289-295.
Hansen, J.D., and R.S.
Nowak. 1988. Feeding damage by Irbisia
(Hemiptera: Miridae) on host plant growth: Effects of feeding and
drought. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 81:599-604.
Anderson, J.E., M.L.
Shumar, N.L. Toft, and R.S. Nowak. 1987. Control of the soil
water balance by sagebrush and three perennial grasses in a cold-desert
environment. Arid Soil Res. Rehabilitation 1:229-244.
and M.M. Caldwell. 1986. Photosynthetic characteristics of crested
wheatgrass and bluebunch wheatgrass. J. Range Manage. 39:443-450.
Hansen, J.D., and R.S.
Nowak. 1985. Evaluating damage by grass bug feeding on crested
wheatgrass. Southwestern Entomol. 10:89‑94.
and M.M. Caldwell. 1984. A test of compensatory photosynthesis in the
field: Implications for herbivory tolerance. Oecologia 61:311‑318.
and M.M. Caldwell. 1984. Photosynthetic activity and survival of
foliage during winter for two bunchgrass species in a cold‑winter steppe
environment. Photosynthetica 18:192‑200.
Caldwell, M.M., T.J.
Dean, R.S. Nowak, R.S. Dzurec, and J.H. Richards. 1983. Bunchgrass architecture, light intensity, and water‑use efficiency:
assessment by fiber optic point quadrats and gas exchange. Oecologia
Caldwell, M.M., R.
Robberecht, R.S. Nowak, and W.D. Billings. 1982. Differential
photosynthetic inhibition by ultraviolet radiation in species from the
arctic‑alpine life zone. Arct. Alp. Res. 14:195‑202.
Caldwell, M.M., J.H.
Richards, D.A. Johnson, R.S. Nowak, and R.S. Dzurec. 1981.
Coping with herbivory: Photosynthetic capacity and resource allocation in
two semiarid Agropyron bunchgrasses. Oecologia 50:14‑24.